Biopolymers in Biomedical Applications

Polymers have become a necessary commodity of everyday life and are used for manufacturing of hundreds of things of our daily use from house hold items to transportation and communication. Polymers are also used in medicine; however, all the polymers cannot be used for this purpose. For medical applications, a polymer should have the following properties: (a) bio-safe and non-toxic which means that it should be non-carcinogenic, non-teratogenic, non-mutagenic, non-cytotoxic, non-pyrogenic, nonhemolytic, non-allergenic and chronically non-inflammative etc. (b) must be effective in terms of functionality, durability, and performance (c) must be interfacial, mechanically and biologically biocompatible and (d) sterilizable through different techniques like autoclave, dry heating, electron beam irradiation etc. It should also be chemically inert and very stable i.e. it should not decay or disintegrate to give obnoxious toxic products with the passage of time especially when it is intended to be implanted within body. The selection of a polymer for a particular medical application is also made upon the basis of its host response. Therefore a biopolymer is any polymeric non-viable material which is used in medical devices or applications that where it is intended to interact with biological systems such as tissues, cells, bones, blood and any other living substance.

Biopolymers used in manufacture of medical devices which are used to replace or repair some diseased, damaged or non-functional piece of tissue or bone like replacement of joints, heart valves, arteries, teeth, tendons, ligaments, ocular lenses etc. More advanced devices are used to partially or entirely replace or assist in functioning of a vital organ like lung, kidney, liver, heart etc. Furthermore, biocompatible and degradable polymers are used to prepare advanced and efficient drug delivery systems. Drugs (like pilocarpine, contraceptives, insulin etc.) are encapsulated within polymeric microcapsules for their controlled and sustained release or targeted delivery of drugs (like delivery of an anticancer drug only to the tumor).

 

    Related Conference of Biopolymers in Biomedical Applications

    February 18-19, 2019

    13th International Conference on Biofuels and Bioenergy

    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    April 25-26, 2019

    10th Annual Conference on Bioenergy and Biofuels

    Helsinki, Finland
    May 13-14, 2019

    6th World Congress on Chemical Engineering and Catalysis

    Mercure Albert Park, Melbourne, Australia
    June 06-07, 2019

    14th World Bioenergy Congress and Expo

    London, UK
    June 27-29, 2019

    6th World Congress on Chemical Engineering and Catalysis

    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    August 26-27, 2019

    9th World Congress on Biopolymers & Bioplastics

    London, UK
    26th-27th August, 2019

    13th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy

    Vienna, Austria
    August 26-27, 2019

    14th Global Summit and Expo on Biomass and Bioenergy

    Vienna, Austria
    23rd - 24th September, 2019

    9th International Conference on Petroleum Engineering

    London, UK
    November 25-26, 2019

    11th Annual Congress on Bioenergy and Biofuels

    Abu Dhabi, UAE

    Biopolymers in Biomedical Applications Conference Speakers

    Recommended Sessions

    Related Journals

    Are you interested in